The body's ability to cope up with the regular physiological function retards as ageing progresses, diminishing the health of vital organs of the body. Bones are the prime organs that get affected due to the process of ageing. Bones undergo a process called remodelling that involves destruction of old bone cells and formation of new cells. This cycle is affected as ageing progresses, and the formation of bone cells slows down. This causes a decrease in the bone mass, leading to a condition called osteoporosis. Women are the prime victims to this condition, suffering with bone and joint pain as the decreased bone mass will not support normal movement of the bones, causing inflammation. Osteoporosis also increases the chances of fracture as the bones tend to become more fragile and soft.
Consuming sufficient quantities of calcium in early stages of life is very important to avoid such bone health issues. This aids in accumulation of sufficient calcium stores that will aid in maintaining strong bones. Physical exercises also play a pivotal role in maintaining bone health. More than 50% of women above the age of 50 years have high risks of suffering from osteoporosis. A diet that has sufficient amount of calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus is essential in order to avoid bone related issues. Dairy sources are the ideal choices, providing high biological value proteins. But due to increasing incidences of lactose intolerances, consumption of dairy products is decreasing, impacting the nutrient intake. In such cases, dairy alternatives and calcium fortified products might help.
One has to understand the diet he/ she consumes and has to ensure that vital bone health nutrients are obtained. Indulging in physical activities is also very important to maintain bone health.